What is ITU Regions?
In the International Radio Regulation, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) divides the world into three ITU regions to manage its radio spectrum.
The main reason for separating regions in this way is that they have their own frequency allocation.
Which countries do ITU Regions cover?
- Region 1: It covers the Persian Gulf, including Europe, Africa, the former Soviet Union countries, Mongolia, the Middle East and Iraq. Turkey is located in this region. (Yellow area on map)
- The Western boundary is defined by Line B.
- Region 2: It includes the United States, including some of Greenland and some of the Eastern Pacific Islands. (Blue area on map)
- The Eastern boundary is defined by Line B.
- Region 3: It includes most of the Eurasian countries which are not included in the remaining and former Soviet Union in eastern Iran and Oceania, and Iran. (Purple area on the map)
Who is ITU?
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a specialized body of the United Nations (UN), primarily responsible for issues related to information and communication technologies.
ITU coordinates the common global use of the radio spectrum, promotes international cooperation in the appointment of satellite orbits, works to improve telecommunications infrastructure in developing countries and helps in the development and coordination of technical standards worldwide.
The International Telecommunications Union is also active in broadband internet, the latest generation of wireless technologies, aviation and marine navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, convergence in fixed mobile phone, internet access, data, voice, TV broadcasting and high-tech network areas. The organization also organizes global and regional exhibitions and forums such as ITU Telecom World, bringing together government and telecommunications and ICT industry representatives to exchange ideas, information and technology.